Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision or female genital mutilation/cutting, refers to "all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons". The term is almost exclusively used to describe traditional, cultural, and religious procedures where parents must give consent, due to the minor age of the subject, rather than to procedures generally done with self-consent (such as labiaplasty and vaginoplasty). It also generally does not refer to procedures used in gender
reassignment surgery, and the genital modification of intersexuals.
FGC is practiced throughout the world, with the practice concentrated most heavily in Africa. Its practice is extremely controversial. Opposition is motivated by concerns regarding the consent (or lack thereof, in most cases) of the patient, and subsequentely the safety and consequences of the procedures.
What we do
We are committed to the eradication of female genital mutilation (FGM). Our campaign focuses on developing and implementing educational programs to eradicate FGM. We also pursue the introduction of legislation banning FGM.
We are currently conducting research on the health effects of FGM and on the current statistical distribution of the practice.