Campaign Against Genital Mutilation
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US Legislation against FGM
Individual US States with legislation against FGM
California- AB 2125 (Figueroa and Lunneen)
Delaware- SB 393 (Henry)
Illinois- HB 3572 (Mulligan-Deuchler)
Michigan- HB 6095
Minnesota- 144.3872
New Jersey- ACR 35
New York- A 5010
North Dakota- SB 2454
Rhode Island- S 2317 (Perry, Cicilline,Parella,Graziano and Gibbs)
Tennessee- SB 2394 (Crutchfield)
Texas- H.B. 91 (Giddings, Thompson, Chavez, Clark)
Wisconsin- 365

States whose anti-FGM bills did not pass:
Colorado- 96-031
New York- S 597 (Volker, Montgomery), S 510 (Volker, Montgomer)
South Carolina- 7769

States that punish parents as well as doctors who perform FGM
California- AB 2125 (Figueroa and Lunneen)
Delaware- SB 393 (Henry)

Bills whose status is unknown
Louisiana- HCR 52
Other US states DO NOT have legislation against FGM
Other countries with Legislation against FGM

Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt (Ministerial decree), Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria (multiple states), Senegal, Tanzania, Togo. In Sudan only the most severe form of FGM/FGC is forbidden by law.


Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States (federal law, and specific state laws).

Penalties range from a minimum of six months to a maximum of life in prison. Several countries also include monetary fines in the penalty. As of June 2000, there have been prosecutions or arrests in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ghana, France and Senegal. Belgium. Benin, Nigeria, and Uganda are proposing laws to ban the practice of FGM/FGC.

In September 2001, the European Parliament adopted a resolution on Female Genital Mutilation . The resolution calls on the member states of the European Union to pursue, protect and punish any resident who has committed the crime of FGM even if committed outside the frontier ("extraterritoriality") and calls on the Commission and the Council to take measures in regard to the issuing of residence permits and protection for the victims of the practice. The resolution also calls on the member states to recognise the right to asylum of women and girls at risk of being subject to FGM/FGC.